Every year, an estimated half percent of the population will suffer a traumatic spinal cord injury. However, this is not the only type of spinal problem that people will experience. There are a variety of spine issues that can occur, and they often cause problems that are chronic and long-lasting.
If you have ever experienced a neck crick or a back ache, you have felt the effects of poor spine health. Keep reading to learn about 5 spine problems and what causes them.
1. Bone Spurs
Bone spurs are one of the most common spine problems. These growths of extra bone can form when the bones in the spine rub against each other, typically due to aging, arthritis, and worn cartilage.
To treat bone spurs in back, doctors typically start with non-invasive treatments like changing physical activities, taking anti-inflammatory medications, using heat or ice, and stretching exercises. If the bone spur is causing severe pain, doctors may recommend surgery to remove the spur, alter the bone, or fuse vertebrae together.
It is a spine issue where the sciatic nerve is compressed and the individual experiences pain in their leg and lower back as well as numbness or tingling. To treat this problem, one should focus on soothing the nerves by focusing on stretching and strengthening muscles in the back and core.
Additionally, lifestyle changes such as:
- maintaining good posture
- taking frequent breaks while sitting
- avoiding activities that the put a strain on spine
3. Spinal Stenosis
It is characterized by a narrowing of the spinal canal or vertebral foramina, usually caused by the aging process. Treatment for spinal stenosis may include nonsurgical methods such as:
- physical therapy
- injections like steroids or nerve blocks
For more severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary, such as a laminectomy. In which one or more of the vertebral lamina are removed to open up the spinal canal.
Spondylolysis is a common spine problem, especially among athletes. This is a type of stress fracture of the parts of the spine, the small bridge between the upper and lower segments of the spine.
These spine conditions are caused by repeated stress to the spine and commonly affect people between the ages of 10 and 30. While rest and pain relief medications can help manage the symptoms of spondylolysis, active stabilization therapy. Such as core strength training, is an effective way to treat and prevent recurrent episodes of the condition.
It can develop when the protective cartilage between spinal bones and discs wears away. Leading to the bones of the spine rubbing against each other.
Additionally, arthritis in the spine can cause narrowing of the spinal canal and compression of the nerve roots. Leading to spine pain, numbness, or weakness in the legs or arms. Treatment for the arthritis of the spine includes:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- physical therapy
- exercises specific to the area of injury
The Most Common Spine Problems
In conclusion, spine problems can be a major source of discomfort and pain. Treatment options should be explored, such as physical therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-seizure medications, and even surgery.
Keep in mind that spine issues can happen at any age, to anyone! If you think you have a spine problem, consult a professional right away to get the help and relief you need.
These back pain exercises for sciatica can be very helpful in getting started with your back pain treatment. Be sure to check out the rest of our content for more advice and insights into solving specific problems, like sciatica.